Table 1

Descriptive statistics of continuous variables in 68 dogs with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus

Variable (unit)Tested, nResultAbove RI, n (%)Within RI, n (%)Below RI, n (%)RI
Haematocrit (%)6843.1±7.22 (3)52 (76)14 (21)37.0–55.0
RBC (x 103/μl)686.47±1.151 (1)53 (78)14 (21)5.50–8.50
MCV (fl)6868.7 (51.0–76.8)062 (91)6 (9)60–77
MCHC (g%)6833.9 (18.9–48.1)3 (4)57 (84)8 (12)32.0–38.0
RDW (%)6513.4 (2.0–20.3)12 (18)28 (43)25 (39)13–15.7
WBC (x 103/μl)6814.04 (2.09–47.00)21 (31)46 (68)1 (1)6.00–17.00
Neutrophils (x 103/μl)6710.74 (5.07–40.29)28 (42)39 (58)03.00–12.00
Lymphocytes (x 103/μl)671.49 (0.30–4.20)051 (76)16 (24)1.00–4.80
Monocytes (x 103/μl)650.98 (0.26–3.87)22 (34)43 (66)00.10–1.40
Eosinophils (x 103/μl)580.17 (0.00–1.20)3 (5)55 (95)00.00–0.75
Platelets (x 103/μl)68416 (6–3147)25 (37)41 (60)2 (3)160–500
Glucose (mmol/l)6824.5 (11.5–65.5)68 (100)003.8–6.9
Fructosamine (μmol/l)32537±14928 (90)3 (10)0222–382
Gly Hb (%)116.9±1.311 (100)001.56–4.46
ALT (U/l)67114 (27–1399)56 (84)11 (16)020–55
AST (U/l)6566 (19–1434)47 (72)18 (28)020–42
ALP (U/l)66551 (103–20368)61 (92)5 (8)042–180
GGT (U/l)637.9 (0.1–365)40 (63)23 (37)00–5.8
Total bilirubin (µmol/l)664.3 (1.7–20.5)12 (18)54 (82)01.2–5.8
Total proteins (g/l)6866±83 (5)60 (88)5 (7)56–79
Albumin (g/l)6832 (12–47)6 (9)45 (66)17 (25)28–37
Cholesterol (mmol/l)688.8 (3.4–22.0)32 (47)36 (53)03.6–9.1
Triglycerides (mmol/l)213.6 (0.9–26.3)19 (90)2 (10)00.3–1.4
Urea (mmol/l)6516.4 (2.4–157.7)24 (37)34 (52)7 (11)6.4–19.6
Creatinine (µmol/l)6870.7 (35.3–477.3)12 (18)50 (73)6 (9)57.4–119.3
Calcium (mmol/l)652.4±0.22 (3)47 (72)16 (25)2.2–2.9
Phosphate (mmol/l)651.4 (0.8–2.4)24 (37)36 (55)5 (8)0.8–1.5
Sodium (mmol/l)66139 (115–148)016 (24)50 (76)143–154
Potassium (mmol/l)664.5 (2.6–7.4)4 (6)51 (77)11 (17)3.9–5.3
Chloride (mmol/l)5399.5±7.508 (15)45 (85)108–118
Urinary specific gravity611028 (1009–1080)
UPC351.7 (0.2–7.2)29 (83)6 (17)00.0–0.4
  • Data are presented as median and range (minimum–maximum value) or as mean±sd based on their distribution.

  • ALP, alkaline phosphatase; ALT, alanine transaminase; AST, aspartate transaminase; GGT, gamma glutamyl transferase; Gly Hb, glycated haemoglobin; MCHC, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration; MCV, mean corpuscular volume; RBC, red blood cell count; RDW, red blood cell distribution width; RI, reference interval; UPC, urinary protein to creatinine ratio; WBC, white blood cell count.