Table 2

Husbandry practices in adult milking goats

Survey questionResponsePercentage (number) of farms
Are milking goats fed forage?Yes100% (46/46)
What type of forage is fed?Hay51.1% (23/45)
Haylage40% (18/45)
Silage26.7% (12/45)
Straw24.4% (11/45)
Is forage analysed?Yes50% (23/46)
No50% (23/46)
Are milking does fed concentrate?Yes98% (45/46)
How are concentrates fed?Ad lib37.8% (17/45)
Set ration per goat37.8% (17/45)
Mixed with forage24.4% (11/45)
Are goats fed according to yield?Yes35% (16/46)
No65% (30/46)
Are goats fed in the parlour?Yes50% (23/46)
How are these goats fed in parlour?Small amount for encouragement50% (11/22)
Individual ration50% (11/22)
Do you aim to give goats a dry period?Yes100% (46/46)
For how long is this dry period?<2 weeks5.3% (2/38)
3–4 weeks17.4% (8/46)
5–7 weeks43.5% (20/46)
7 weeks or more34.8% (16/46)
How often are goats milked at peak yield?Twice daily93.3% (42/45)
Three times daily6.7% (3/45)
Which of the following are done routinely at milking?Gloves worn54.3% (25/46)
Foremilk checked37% (17/46)
Teat wiped56.5% (26/46)
Teat dip premilking6.5% (3/46)
Teat dip post milking34.8% (16/46)
No routine practices used17.4% (8/46)
Do you record milk yields?Yes52% (24/46)
No48% (22/46)
If yes, how do you record milk yields?Electronic/automatic recording45.5% (10/22)
Manual54.5% (12/22)
If yes, are yields recorded for individual goats or for groups of goats?Yields for individual goats90.9% (20/22)
Yields for groups of goats9.1% (2/22)
What is your target kidding interval?12 months/annual38.5% (15/39)
Between 12 and 24 months46.2% (18/39)
Between 24 and 36 months7.7% (3/39)
Flexible according to yield7.7% (3/39)
Do you have a target age for first service?Yes98% (45/46)
No2% (1/46)
What is your target age at first service?6–7 months40.9% (18/44)
8–9 months20.5% (9/44)
10–12 months20.4% (9/44)
13 months or more18.2% (8/44)
Do you have a target weight for first service?Yes67.4% (31/46)
No32.6% (15/46)
If yes, what is your target weight at first service?Less than 35 kg11.1% (3/27)
From 35 to 40 kg70.4% (19/27)
More than 40 kg18.5% (5/27)
Are goats routinely foot trimmed?Yes100% (46/46)
What age are goats first foot trimmed?<3 months8.7% (4/46)
3–5 months15.2% (7/46)
6–8 months32.6% (15/46)
9–12 months28.3% (13/46)
Over 12 months6.5% (3/46)
As necessary8.7% (4/46)
How often are the feet trimmed?Every 1–2 months15.6% (7/45)
Every 3–4 months35.6% (16/45)
Every 5–6 months33.3% (15/45)
Every 7–12 months6.7% (3/45)
When needed/as often as possible8.9% (4/45)
Are goats routinely footbathed?Yes20% (9/45)
No80% (36/45)