Table 1

Husbandry practices in kids

Survey questionResponsePercentage (number) of farms
For how long do kids remain with their mothers?Removed at birth21.7% (10/46)
<12 hours8.7% (4/46)
Between 12 and 24 hours21.7%(10/46)
Between 25 and 48 hours21.7% (10/46)
>48 hours26.1% (12/46)
Are kids fed colostrum other than by suckling their mothers?Yes, sometimes42.2% (19/45)
Yes, routinely40% (18/45)
No17.8% (8/45)
If yes, what type of colostrum is fed?Colostrum from another doe89.2% (33/37)
Colostrum from another source18.9% (7/37)
How is this colostrum fed?Bottle fed75.7% (28/37)
By stomach tube43.2% (16/37)
For how long are kids fed this colostrum?<1 day21.6% (8/37)
Between 1 day and 2 days64.9% (24/37)
>2 days13.5% (5/37)
Is this colostrum pasteurised before feeding?Yes10.8% (4/37)
No89.2% (33/37)
Is colostrum quality measured?Yes10.8% (4/37)
Are kids fed milk replacer?Yes87% (40/46)
No13% (6/46)
At what age are kids first fed milk replacer?1–2 days60.5% (23/38)
3–4 days26.3% (10/38)
5–7 days10.5% (4/38)
14–21 days2.6% (1/38)
How are kids fed milk?Ad lib (always available)85% (36/40)
Restricted (in meals)15% (6/40)
Are kids fed starter/creep feed?Yes95.7% (44/46)
No4.3% (2/46)
At what age are kids first fed starter/creep?Less than 7 days47.5% (19/42)
7–14 days37.5% (15/42)
14–21 days2.5% (1/42)
Over 21 days17.5% (7/42)
Are kids fed forage?Yes95.7% (44/46)
No4.3% (2/46)
What type of forage is fed to kids?Hay50% (21/42)
Straw59.5% (25/42)
Haylage9.5% (4/42)
Silage4.8% (2/42)
At what age are kids first fed forage?Less than 7 days47.6%(20/42)
7–14 days42.9% (18/42)
Over 21 days9.5% (4/42)
Do you have a target weaning age?Yes75.6%(34/45)
No24.4% (11/45)
Do you have a target weaning weight?Yes41.3% (19/46)
No58.7% (27/46)
What is your target weaning age?Under 6 weeks (minimum 5 weeks) 3.4% (1/29)
6–8 weeks69% (20/29)
12–16 weeks17.2% (5/29)
Over 18 weeks (maximum 32 weeks) 10.3% (3/29)
What is your target weaning weight?Under 15 kg (minimum 12 kg) 10.5% (2/19)
15 kg57.9% (11/19)
Over 15 kg (maximum 20 kg) 31.6% (6/19)
Do you have a market for your male kids?Yes76% (35/46)
No24% (11/46)
What is your market for males?Breeding28% (13/46)
Meat74% (34/46)
Do you rear any kids for meat on your own farm?Yes54% (25/46)
No46% (21/46)
Are kids disbudded?Yes100% (46/46)
What age are kids disbudded?Less than 14 days age93.3% (42/45)
Between 14 days and 28 days0% (0/45)
28 days or older6.7% (3/45)
Does your local vet have sufficient knowledge and experience of dairy goats?Yes82.6%(38/46)
No6.5% (3/46)
Not sure10.9% (5/46)