Research priorities to improve African swine fever control in Caucasus, Eastern Europe and the Baltic countries

Type of studiesResearch priorities
Laboratory-based studiesFurther develop animal infection trials to investigate the effects of different strains, doses and routes of exposure, including by ingestion of contaminated feed or infected ticks
Develop better diagnostic tests for environmental samples, including bedding and air
Evaluate the potential of disease virulence evolution
Disease modeling studiesDevelop transmission models for simulating disease spread within and between farms and assess the cost-benefit of alternative mitigation strategies (such as use of risk-based surveillance, different radii and duration for the surveillance zones, etc)
Model the disease transmission using mortality data and clinical signs collected in different infected farm settings
Develop transmission models for simulating disease spread between domestic pigs and wild boars and between wild boars populations
Field studiesDevelop new approaches to better understand the potential contacts between domestic pigs and wild boar populations
Develop improved methods to collect field data on wild boar population dynamics, movement patterns and disease prevalence
Develop more sensitive methods to use for sampling of environmental materials (such as equipment, clothing, vehicles, etc)
Integrate animal data (such as mortality, time period of clinical signs, etc) and human data (such as movements of animal workers and trucks) to explore other potential transmission pathways
Further conduct field observations to assess vector distribution and competence
Social studiesConduct in depth studies of human behaviour patterns to evaluate pig farm practices, awareness of disease epidemiology and obstacles to disease suspicion and reporting