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Comparison between smartphone electrocardiography and standard three-lead base apex electrocardiography in healthy horses
  1. Brittany Welch-Huston1,
  2. Sian Durward-Akhurst1,
  3. Elaine Norton1,
  4. Lacey Ellingson2,
  5. Aaron Rendahl2 and
  6. Molly McCue1
  1. 1Veterinary Population Medicine, The University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
  2. 2College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sian Durward-Akhurst, Veterinary Population Medicine, The University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MI 55108, USA; durwa004{at}umn.edu

Abstract

Background Cardiac arrhythmias are commonly auscultated during routine physical examinations in horses and determining the underlying electrical abnormality using an ECG is important. The most commonly used device is a three-lead base apex system (Televet), however few practitioners carry this for routine visits. With recognition of the utility of smartphone-based ECGs in humans, dogs and ruminants, the AliveCor single-lead bipolar smartphone-based ECG has gained popularity. The objective of this study was to determine if AliveCor and Televet ECG measurements were comparable in healthy horses using multiple observers.

Methods ECGs were performed on 15 healthy horses simultaneously using the AliveCor and Televet.

Results There was very good to perfect interdevice and interobserver agreement for heart rate and RR interval measurement, and moderate-to-good interdevice and interobserver agreement for detection of non-pathological arrhythmias. Interdevice agreement for measurement of P-wave and QRS duration, QT, PR and T-peak to T-end interval was poor to fair. Interestingly, interobserver agreement for P-wave and QRS duration, QT, PR, and T-peak to T-end interval measurements was fair to good.

Conclusion Overall, the AliveCor is comparable to the Televet for heart rate and RR measurement, and for the detection of non-pathogenic arrhythmias with acceptable agreement between observers.

  • horses
  • electrocardiology
  • internal medicine
  • cardiology
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Footnotes

  • Funding Salary support for SA Durward-Akhurst was provided by an American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Foundation fellowship, and by a T32 Institutional Training Grant in Comparative Medicine and Pathology (5T320D010993-12). Purchase of the AliveCor and Televet devices was provided by the training-related expenses SA Durward-Akhurst’s T32 Institutional Training Grant in Comparative Medicine and Pathology (5T320D010993-12).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval All procedures were approved by the University of Minnesota IACUC committee (protocol: 1609-34123A).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Anonymised data are available on reasonable request to the corresponding author.

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