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Investigation of the efficacy of a dietetic food in the management of chronic enteropathies in dogs
  1. Camilla Tørnqvist-Johnsen,
  2. Susan Campbell,
  3. Adam Gow,
  4. Nick X Bommer,
  5. Silke Salavati and
  6. Richard J Mellanby
  1. Division of Veterinary Clinical Studies, The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The Roslin Institute, Roslin, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Camilla Tørnqvist-Johnsen, Division of Veterinary Clinical Studies, The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The Roslin Institute, Roslin, UK; c.t.johnsen{at}sms.ed.ac.uk

Abstract

Background Chronic enteropathies (CEs) are a common cause of morbidity in dogs. CEs are diagnosed in dogs with chronic gastrointestinal clinical signs (>3 weeks), inflammatory changes on intestinal biopsies and where no other underlying cause is determined based on a thorough, standardised diagnostic work-up. Based on response to therapy, CEs are subclassified into food-responsive, antibiotic-responsive or steroid-responsive enteropathies. A significant proportion of dogs with a CE are food-responsive; however, there are limited peer-reviewed publications describing the clinical efficacy of the commercially available diets used to treat CE.

Methods In this study, the authors evaluated the response of 15 dogs with a CE to a commercially available dietetic food (Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d Sensitive Canine Dry). The dogs underwent a standard diagnostic evaluation and did not receive concurrent anthelmintic, antibiotic, glucocorticoid or gastroprotectant therapies. The clinical efficacy of the dietary treatment was assessed by comparing the Canine Inflammatory Bowel Disease Activity Index (CIBDAI) before and a median of 13 days after dietary therapy.

Results The authors found that the CIBDAI significantly decreased following the introduction of the dietetic food (median CIBDAI score pretreatment 9, post-treatment 2; P<0.0005).

Conclusion This study demonstrates that this dietetic food can be used to successfully manage CE in dogs.

  • Chronic Enteropathy
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • Gastroenterology
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Footnotes

  • Funding This study was supported by Hill’s Pet Nutrition, which provided the Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d Sensitive Canine Dry diet free of charge to the clients.

  • Competing interests The dog food used in this trial was supplied by Hill’s Pet Nutrition. No employees from Hill’s Pet Nutrition were involved in the design, recruitment, analysis or manuscript preparation. RJM has received consultancy funding from Hill’s Pet Nutrition for providing technical support to an unrelated project.

  • Ethics approval The University of Edinburgh Veterinary Ethical Review Committee approved this study (76/18).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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