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Randomised trial of perioperative tramadol for canine sterilisation pain management

Footnotes

  • Funding NM is supported by the Marchig Animal Welfare Trust and Dogs Trust.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Ethical approval was attained from the University of Edinburgh, Veterinary Ethics Research Committee (VERC 20.17).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Funding NM is supported by the Marchig Animal Welfare Trust and Dogs Trust.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Ethical approval was attained from the University of Edinburgh, Veterinary Ethics Research Committee (VERC 20.17).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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