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Fibromatous lesions of antler velvet and haired skin in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)
  1. A. P. Foster, BSc, BVSc, PhD, Dip, ACVD, MRCVS1,
  2. A. M. Barlow, BVSc, MSc, MRCVS2,
  3. L. Nasir, BSc, PhD3,
  4. C. D. Wilson, BVMS, MRCVS4,
  5. D. J. Everest5,
  6. K. Erdelyi, DVM, PhD, Dip ECZM6,
  7. C. J. Finnegan, BSc, MSc, PhD5 and
  8. A. Schock, PhD, FRCPath, MRCVS7
  1. 1Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA)—Shrewsbury, Kendal Road, Harlescott, Shrewsbury, Shropshire SY1 4HD, UK
  2. 2Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency-Langford, Langford House, Langford, North Somerset BS40 5DX, UK
  3. 3MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, Affiliated to the School of Veterinary Medicine College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, Garscube Estate, Bearsden Road, Glasgow, G61 1QH, UK
  4. 4Donview Veterinary Centre, Burghmuir Place, Blackhall Industrial Estate, Inverurie, Aberdeenshire,
    AB51 4FW, UK
  5. 5Mammalian Virus Investigation Unit, Department of Virology, AHVLA Weybridge, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
  6. 6National Food Chain Safety Office, Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate, 1149 Budapest, Tabornok u. 2, Hungary
  7. 7Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency—Lasswade, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik EH26 OPZ, UK
  1. Email for correspondence: Aiden.foster{at}


Fibromatous nodular lesions were observed on the antler skin of reindeer from four separate farms, and from the haired skin from a deer from a fifth farm. The aim of this study was to investigate if the proliferative lesions represented an unusual manifestation of a viral infection. Despite extensive investigations using immunohistochemistry, PCR and electron microscopy, no evidence of viral involvement could be demonstrated. The aetiology of the lesions remains unknown.

  • Virology
  • Deer
  • Dermatopathology
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