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Animal poisoning in Italy: 10 years of epidemiological data from the Poison Control Centre of Milan
  1. F. Caloni, DVM, PhD1,
  2. C. Cortinovis, DVM1,
  3. M. Rivolta1 and
  4. F. Davanzo, MD2
  1. Department of Veterinary Sciences and Technologies for Food Safety, Universitá degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milan, Italy
  2. Centro Antiveleni di Milano, Ospedale Niguarda Cà Granda, Piazza Ospedale Maggiore 3, 20162 Milan, Italy
  1. E-mail for correspondence francesca.caloni{at}

From 2000 to 2010, the Poison Control Centre of Milan (CAV), in collaboration with the University of Milan, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Sciences and Technologies for Food Safety, Toxicology Section, collected epidemiological information related to animal poisoning and classified it in an organised and computerised data bank. Data recorded were predominantly related to small animals and to some extent to horses, ruminants and other food-production animals. Few calls were registered involving exotics and no information was recorded on wildlife. The dog was reported to be the most common species involved in animal poisoning, and pesticides constituted the primary group of toxicants. In the case of pets, ‘drugs’ including veterinary parasiticide and drugs for human use constituted the second class of toxicants responsible for poisoning followed by household products, plants, zootoxins and metals. With regard to horses and farm animals, the second group consisted of phytotoxins, even if only episodically. In Italy, published data on this subject are scarce but this information is crucial for better management of the poisoning of domestic animals in an effort to reduce mortality.

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