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Fertility and whelping complications in bitches following correction of vaginal abnormalities
  1. R. Moxon, BSc1 and
  2. G. C. W. England, BVetMed, PhD, DVetMed, CertVA, DVR, DipVRep, DipECAR, DipACT, FHEA, FRCVS2
  1. Guide Dogs Breeding Centre, Banbury Road, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire CV33 9WF
  2. School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE12 5RD
  1. E-mail for correspondence rachel.moxon{at}

The fertility and whelping complications of normal bitches and of bitches that had had surgery to correct a vaginal abnormality of varying severities were compared retrospectively. Reproductive performance and whelping statistics were compared between 37 bitches that had been diagnosed with a vaginal abnormality and 37 age- and breed-matched bitches with no history of vaginal abnormalities. There were no significant differences in reproductive performance between the affected and control bitches. When analysed by the severity of the abnormality, pregnancy rates were significantly lower for the group of bitches with the most severe abnormalities compared with the group of bitches that had mild vaginal abnormalities. Furthermore, the bitches that had severe abnormalities were significantly more likely to require a caesarean section than those with mild abnormalities.

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  • Provenance not commissioned; externally peer reviewed

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