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Developing a 3D animation tool to improve veterinary undergraduate understanding of obstetrical problems in horses
  1. Ruifeng Gao1,
  2. Jing Liu2,
  3. Shangfei Jing3,
  4. Wei Mao1,
  5. Pengfei He1,
  6. Bo Liu1,
  7. Hui-Di Yang4 and
  8. Jinshan Cao1
  1. 1 Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, China
  2. 2 Department of Ultrasonic Medicine, Inner Mongolia People’s Hospital, Hohhot, China
  3. 3 Department of Hand and Foot Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, China
  4. 4 Basic Medical School, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, China
  1. Correspondence to Dr Hui-Di Yang; yhd008006{at}; Professor Jinshan Cao; jinshancao{at}


Background Many challenges are encountered in both teaching and learning veterinary obstetrics. This may be due to outdated teaching materials, as the main model of content transmission remains centred around text and images.

Methods Visualisation methods such as three-dimensional (3D) and Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) tools were applied in an attempt to improve obstetrics education outcomes in the third-year class. Traditional teaching methods were utilised in the fourth-year and fifth-year students.

Results These supplementary tools significantly increased the third-year students’ final examination results compared with the results of fourth-year and fifth-year students (P<0.05). These examinations were designed to evaluate comprehension of the subject matter. Self-assessment questionnaire results further indicated that 3D animation and GIF promoted learning efficiency.

Conclusion Incorporation of 3D animation learning tools into the veterinary curriculum is predicted to better prepare students for the management of obstetrical cases after graduation.

  • 3D animation
  • GIF
  • obstetrics
  • education
  • veterinary
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  • Funding This study was supported by grants from Initial Scientific Research Foundation from Inner Mongolia Agricultural University of China (NO. NDYB2016-06) and the Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia (NO.2018MS03020) given to RFG, and the Education Science Foundation of the 13th five-year plan of Inner Mongolia (No. NGJGH2018238) given to HDY.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The Institutional Education Committee of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University approved this project (Institutional Review Board no. 2019142).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.

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