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Are dual-purpose hens less fearful than conventional layer hybrids?
  1. Mona Franziska Giersberg1,2,
  2. Birgit Spindler3 and
  3. Nicole Kemper3
  1. 1 Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  2. 2 Department Population Health Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  3. 3 Institute for Animal Hygiene, Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Behaviour, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mona Franziska Giersberg; mona.giersberg{at}


Background Excessive fear in farm animals can lead to chronic stress and thus impair animal welfare. In laying hens, fear responses in several behavioural tests have also been associated with the occurrence of feather pecking. The aim of the present study was to comparatively assess fear-related responses of conventional layer hybrids (Lohmann Brown plus, LB+) and dual-purpose hens (Lohmann Dual, LD), which seem to be less prone to injurious pecking.

Methods A novel object (NO) and an avoidance distance (AD) test were carried out in both hybrids at a group level and at different ages during the laying period in order to measure their fear-related responses.

Results On most study days, more LD hens approached the NO and they approached it sooner than the LB+ hens. Similarly, the LD hens retreated at smaller distances from a human being in the AD test.

Conclusion The results indicate that dual-purpose hens act less fearful in the performed behavioural tests compared with conventional layer hybrids. Therefore, dual-purpose hens might experience less stress during daily management routines, which would affect animal welfare positively.

  • laying hens
  • behaviour
  • welfare
  • husbandry
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  • Funding This study was part of the joint research project 'Integhof'. It was supported under grant number 313-06.01-28-RZ-3-72 by funds from the German Government’s Special Purpose Fund held at Landwirtschaftliche Rentenbank.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request. The data sets for this study are available on request. The raw data supporting the conclusions of this manuscript will be made available by the authors (without undue reservation) to any qualified researcher. Contact: MFG (ORCID 0000-0001-8768-5548).

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