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Onset and duration of cis-atracurium neuromuscular block during fentanyl and lidocaine infusions in isoflurane-anaesthetised dogs
  1. Keila K Ida,
  2. Anne Sophie Van-Wijnsberghe,
  3. Alexandru Tutunaru,
  4. Véronique Limpens,
  5. Aurélie Sauvage,
  6. Didier Serteyn and
  7. Charlotte Sandersen
  1. Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
  1. Correspondence to Dr Keila K Ida, Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4474, United States; kida{at}


Background This retrospective study assessed the onset and duration of the neuromuscular block (NMB) induced by cis-atracurium 0.15 mg/kg intravenously with and without fentanyl or lidocaine infusions in 45 isoflurane-anaesthetised dogs.

Methods Dogs with neuromuscular function assessed by a calibrated train-of-four (TOF) monitor with stimulation (every 13 s) of the peroneal nerve were included. The onset and duration of the NMB were defined as the time from cis-atracurium administration until TOF=0 and the time during TOF=0 display, respectively.

Results The NMB onset was shorter during fentanyl (mean±sd) (1.9±0.7 minutes; P=0.0042) and lidocaine (2.0±0.7 minutes; P=0.0154) compared with control (2.9±0.8 minutes). The NMB duration was shorter in the fentanyl (27.5±7.3 minutes; P=0.0491), but not in the lidocaine group (32.3±6.9 minutes; P=0.0790), compared with control (33.7±9.1 minutes). The NMB onset was poorly but significantly correlated with the dose of fentanyl and lidocaine administered before cis-atracurium (r=−0.3396; P=0.0225). The fentanyl and lidocaine groups received more crystalloid and colloid boluses than the control.

Conclusions Fentanyl and lidocaine shortened the NMB onset and the former decreased the NMB duration. Further prospective studies are required to clarify whether this was associated with an indirect decrease in blood pressure or a direct interaction between cis-atracurium and fentanyl and lidocaine.

  • small animals
  • anaesthesia
  • ophthalmology
  • surgery
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  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.

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