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Cetacean disease
Two neurotropic pathogens of concern for striped dolphins
  1. Gabriella Di Francesco, pathologist,
  2. Ludovica Di Renzo, researcher,
  3. Giuliano Garofolo, researcher,
  4. Manuela Tittarelli, immunologist/serologist and
  5. Giovanni Di Guardo, university professor/pathologist
  1. Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise, 64100 – Teramo, Italy
  2. University of Teramo, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 64100 – Teramo, Italy
  1. email: gdiguardo{at}

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Following the first isolation of Brucella ceti from a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) fetus,1 several cases of B ceti infection were reported among free-ranging cetaceans worldwide.2 These included cases in the Mediterranean sea, where B ceti infection was first described in 2009.3

As with other Brucella genus members, B ceti displays a zoonotic capability4– prominent central nervous system (CNS) involvement in B ceti infection is commonly seen in striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) and in people,2, 5 but …

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