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Veterinary Medicines
Rory Cooney, Head of Biologicals, Veterinary Medicines Directorate, responds
  1. Rory Cooney, head of biologicals
  1. VMD, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3LS
  1. email: r.cooney{at}

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Before a veterinary medicinal product (VMP) (including a vaccine) can be placed on the UK market, a large package of quality, safety and efficacy data undergoes a rigorous independent scientific assessment.

Vaccines must be shown to be safe to use. Where necessary, specific warnings are added to the product literature which, when followed, will minimise the risk of any known potential adverse reactions.

A rigorous assessment of user safety is conducted for each product. In the case of live zoonotic bacterial vaccines, the human pathogenicity of the vaccine strain in the …

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