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Prognostic indicators in cats with septic peritonitis

K. Scotti, A. Koenigshof, L. Sri-Jayantha and others

Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (2019)

doi: 10.1111/vec.12896

• What did the research find?

Of the 83 cats that underwent surgery for septic peritonitis (SP), 58 (69.9 per cent) survived to discharge. The most common aetiology of SP was secondary SP due to gastrointestinal perforation (49.4 per cent), followed by primary SP (22.3 per cent). There was no difference in survival rate between aetiologies. Cats with a higher mean blood glucose concentration at admission were less likely to survive to discharge. Cats that received appropriate empirical antibiotic therapy were 4.4 times more likely to survive than cats that did not.

• How was it conducted?

The medical records of cats diagnosed with SP that underwent exploratory laparotomy at four university teaching hospitals in the USA between 2002 and 2015 were reviewed. Data extracted included signalment, bodyweight, aetiology of the infection, blood parameters, temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, details of any antibiotic treatments administered and outcome. …

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