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Liver fluke
Rafoxanide is not an appropriate alternative to closantel
  1. Lesley Stubbings,
  2. Diana Williams and
  3. Nick Hart
  1. On behalf of SCOPS, LSSC, 3 Fullers Close, Aldwincle, Kettering, Northamptonshire NN14 3UU
  2. On behalf of COWS, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, The Ronald Ross Building, 8 West Derby Street, Liverpool L69 7BE
  3. President, Sheep Veterinary Society, c/o SVS Secretariat, Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, Midlothian EH26 0PZ
  1. email: lesley{at}

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Liver fluke is shaping up to be a significant challenge this winter. With a limited number of different flukicides available and reports of resistance to triclabendazole (TCBZ) increasing every year,1 treatment choice, in conjunction with the use of diagnostic tests, is extremely important to successful and sustainable control.

The SCOPS (Sustainable Control of Parasites in Sheep) and COWS (Control of Cattle Parasites Sustainably) groups are concerned that there is some confusion regarding two veterinary medicines that are not currently authorised in the UK, but which have been imported from the Republic of Ireland, under a …

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