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Long-term outcome in cats with lower urinary tract disease

E. Kaul, K. Hartmann, S. Reese and others

Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2019)

doi: 10.1177/1098612X19862887

• What did the research find?

Of the 101 cats with lower urinary tract disease (LUTD) included in the study, 86 received a definitive diagnosis – 52 were diagnosed with feline idiopathic cystitis, 21 with urolithiasis and 13 with bacterial urinary tract infection. The overall recurrence rate of LUTD was 58.1 per cent, with no significant differences between diagnoses. Within a median observation period of 38 months, 21 cats had one recurrence of LUTD, 12 had two, 10 had three and seven had between four and eight. Diagnoses differed between occurrences for 14 cats. Overall, mortality due to LUTD was 5 per cent.

• How was it conducted?

Data on diagnoses, recurrence of clinical signs and disease-free intervals were collected for cats presenting with clinical signs of LUTD at the Clinic of Small Animal Medicine, LMU Munich, between 2010 and 2013. Follow-up telephone interviews with owners were …

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