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Canine disease
Genetic study of border terriers
  1. Mark Lowrie,
  2. Donna Foster,
  3. Christopher Jenkins,
  4. Bryan McLaughlin and
  5. Sally Ricketts
  1. Dovecote Veterinary Hospital, 5 Delven Lane, Castle Donington, Leicestershire DE74 2LJ
  2. Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU
  1. email: mark.lowrie{at}

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Canine epileptoid cramping syndrome (CECS) is a paroxysmal movement disorder of border terriers that is analogous to paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesias in people.1

CECS is characterised by episodic, recurring combinations of dystonia, chorea, ballism, tremor and athetosis, often at rest with no loss of consciousness. Episodes typically begin between six weeks and seven years of age. Single episodes …

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