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Regional differences in transmission of avian influenza via live trade

T. Wu, C. Perrings

PLoS ONE (2018) 13

doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208197

• What did the research find?

This study found per capita GDP and general surveillance to be transmission risk-reducing. However, there were interregional differences. For the EU and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), intrabloc live poultry imports were risk-reducing while extrabloc imports were risk-increasing; for the Economic Community of West Africa (ECOWAS) the reverse was true. This is probably because the EU and ASEAN have long-standing biosecurity standards and stringent enforcement, but ECOWAS suffers from a lack of uniform standards and lax enforcement.

• How was it conducted?

Data on the number of H5N1 poultry outbreaks, trade in live poultry, wild bird migrations, biosecurity measures targeting avian influenza and socioeconomic and agro-ecological conditions were collected for 53 countries (belonging to either the EU, ASEAN or ECOWAS) over a period of 13 years. The relationships between …

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