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Small animal disease surveillance 2019: respiratory disease, antibiotic prescription and canine infectious respiratory disease complex
  1. David A. Singleton,
  2. Jenny Stavisky,
  3. Christopher Jewell,
  4. Steven Smyth,
  5. Bethaney Brant,
  6. Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno,
  7. Susan Dawson,
  8. Gina L. Pinchbeck,
  9. Peter J.M. Noble and
  10. Alan D. Radford
  1. Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston CH64 7TE, UK
  2. Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston CH64 7TE, UK
  3. School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK
  4. Lancaster Medical School, Lancaster University, Furness Building, Lancaster LA1 4YG, UK
  5. Bristol Veterinary School, University of Bristol, Langford Campus, Bristol BS40 5DU, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Singleton, email: D.A.Singleton{at}liverpool.ac.uk

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Respiratory disease, antibiotic prescription and canine infectious respiratory disease complex: report summary

  • Presentation for investigation and/or treatment of respiratory disease comprised 0.9 per cent, 1.2 per cent and 1.2 per cent of total dog, cat and rabbit consultations, respectively, between 1 January 2018 and 28 February 2019.

  • Coughing was the most frequently recorded respiratory disease clinical sign in dogs (68.0 per cent of cases), whereas sneezing was most common in cats (45.6 per cent of cases).

  • The proportion of respiratory disease consultations in which antibiotics authorised for systemic administration (including oral and injectable formulations) were prescribed decreased by approximately 25 per cent between April 2014 and February 2019.

  • Between January 2016 and February 2019, 14.5 per cent of 1602 canine and 4.9 per cent of 801 feline respiratory samples submitted to UK-based diagnostic laboratories tested positive for the presence of Bordetella bronchiseptica.

Syndromic surveillance of respiratory disease

This report represents the third occasion the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network (SAVSNET) has summarised respiratory disease in companion animals.1,2 The present report considers electronic health records (EHRs) captured by the SAVSNET project from 227 voluntary veterinary practices (484 sites) over a 14-month period from 1 January 2018 to 28 February 2019. A detailed description of the methodology used by SAVSNET to capture EHRs has been previously provided.3,4

A total of 1,710,078 consultations were analysed, of which 70.2 per cent were from dogs, 26.6 per cent were from cats, 1.7 per cent were from rabbits, and the remaining 1.5 per cent were from other species, or where species was not recorded. Animals mainly presenting for investigation and/or treatment of respiratory disease according to the attending veterinary surgeon or nurse comprised 0.9 per cent, 1.2 per cent and 1.2 per cent of total dog, cat and rabbit consultations, respectively.

Short questionnaires2 were completed by the attending practitioner after 3937 random respiratory disease consultations (2404 canine, 1177 feline, 356 …

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