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Are fungi a risk factor for equine inflammatory airway disease?

J. Dauvillier, F. ter Woort, E. van Erck-Westergren

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2019) 33, 968–975

doi: 10.1111/jvim.15397

• What did the research find?

A positive fungal culture was obtained from the tracheal wash (TW) of 55 per cent of the horses tested. Horses with fungal elements observed in their TW were twice as likely to have inflammatory airway disease (IAD) than horses with no fungal elements observed. Both the risk of being diagnosed with IAD and the likelihood of fungi being present in the TW were higher when horses were bedded on straw or fed dry hay.

• How was it conducted?

A total of 731 horses that had been referred to a specialised ambulatory practice with signs of respiratory disease or poor performance were included in the study. A clinical examination, airway endoscopy, TW and bronchoalveolar lavage were performed for each horse. Data on the type of bedding (straw, wood shavings or other) and …

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