Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Comparison of total-mixed-ration and feed-to-yield strategies on blood profiles and dairy cow health
  1. Mark W Little1,2,
  2. Gareth A Arnott2,
  3. Michael D Welsh3,
  4. Jason P Barley3,
  5. Niamh E O' Connell2 and
  6. Conrad P Ferris1
  1. 1Sustainable Agri-Food Sciences Division, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute Hillsborough, Hillsborough, UK
  2. 2Institute for Global Food Security, Queens University Belfast, Northern Ireland Technology Centre, Belfast, UK
  3. 3Veterinary Sciences Division, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Belfast, UK
  1. E-mail for correspondence; markwlittle{at}


Seventy-two Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were offered the same amount of concentrates over the first 140 days of lactation, by either a ‘total-mixed-ration’ or a ‘feed-to-yield’ strategy. The effects on blood profiles and cow health were examined. Cows on total-mixed-ration were offered a mixed ration comprising grass silage and concentrates (50:50 dry matter basis). Cows on feed-to-yield were offered a basal mixed ration (grass silage plus 6 kg concentrates/cow/day) plus additional concentrates via an out-of-parlour feeding system, calculated according to each individual cow’s milk yield during the previous week. Cows on total-mixed-ration had a higher mean haemoglobin, packed cell volume and lymphocyte percentage. Concentrate allocation strategy had no effect on serum haptoglobin concentrations, interferon-gamma production of pokeweed mitogen-stimulated whole blood culture, the incidence of clinical or subclinical mastitis, lameness, respiratory or digestive problems and no strong relationships were identified between production parameters with serum metabolites, inflammatory and immune measures. This study demonstrates small physiological differences in metabolic parameters, and no differences in inflammatory or immune parameters, when allocating concentrates by total-mixed-ration or feed-to-yield.

  • dairy cattle
  • concentrate allocation strategy
  • metabolic profile
  • immune profile
  • inflammatory profile
View Full Text

Statistics from


  • Funding This study was cofunded by the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs for Northern Ireland and by AgriSearch (Northern Ireland farmer levy).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.