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Preventing surgical site infection in dogs: which Aseptic protocol is best?

L. Belo, I. Serrano, E. Cunha and others

BMC Veterinary Research (2018) 14, 95

doi: 10.1186/s12917-018-1368-5

• What did the research find?

Pre-surgical skin asepsis protocols with 7.5 per cent povidone-iodine or an alcoholic solution of 2 per cent chlorhexidine showed similar efficacy in the elimination of meticillin-resistant bacteria and prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs) in dogs undergoing surgery. However, in 9 per cent of cases a significant bacterial logarithmic reduction was not observed, indicating possible resistance to these agents.

• How was it conducted?

A total of 46 dogs undergoing orthopaedic or soft tissues surgery in several anatomical regions were included in this study. Twenty-three were selected randomly to the 7.5 per cent povidone-iodine asepsis protocol group, and the remaining 23 to the 2 per cent chlorhexidine group. For each dog a skin swab sample was collected before and after asepsis for bacterial quantification and isolation of meticillin-resistant species.

The …

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