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Small animal disease surveillance: respiratory disease 2017
  1. Elena Arsevska,
  2. Simon L. Priestnall,
  3. David A. Singleton,
  4. Philip H. Jones,
  5. Steven Smyth,
  6. Bethaney Brant,
  7. Susan Dawson,
  8. Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno,
  9. Peter J. M. Noble and
  10. Alan D. Radford
  1. Institute of Infection and Global Health
  2. Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston CH64 7TE, UK
  3. Department of Pathobiology & Population Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Hatfield AL9 7TA, UK
  4. University of Bristol, Churchill Building, Langford Campus, Bristol BS40 5DU, UK
  1. * Correspondence to Dr Arsevska, e-mail: e.arsevska{at}liverpool.ac.uk

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This report focuses on surveillance for respiratory disease in companion animals. It begins with an analysis of data from 392 veterinary practices contributing to the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network (SAVSNET) between January and December 2017.

The following section describes canine respiratory coronavirus infections in dogs, presenting results from laboratory-confirmed cases across the country between January 2010 and December 2017. This is followed by an update on the temporal trends of three important syndromes in companion animals, namely gastroenteritis, pruritus and respiratory disease, from 2014 to 2017.

A fourth section presents a brief update on Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus in companion animals. The final section summarises some recent developments pertinent to companion animal health, namely eyeworm (Thelazzia callipaeda) infestations in dogs imported to the UK and canine influenza virus in the USA and Canada.

Respiratory disease: Report summary

  • Presentation for respiratory disease comprised 1.3 per cent of cat, 1.1 per cent of dog and 1.3 per cent of rabbit consultations between January and December 2017.

  • Sneezing was the most frequently reported respiratory sign in cats (45.2 per cent); in dogs it was coughing (71.7 per cent).

  • Canine respiratory coronavirus was identified in 43 samples from dogs between January 2010 and December 2017. The highest percentage of samples were found to be positive in autumn and winter, with a peak in September (5.6 per cent of positive samples).

  • From 2010 to 2017, there were 197 laboratory samples from which Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus was cultured, 22 from cats, 144 from dogs and 31 from guinea pigs. Of the 136 canine samples for which anatomical sampling location was known, 75 (55.1 per cent) were from the respiratory tract (nose, trachea or oropharynx).

Syndromic surveillance of respiratory disease

Respiratory diseases are common in companion animals. Although clinical signs such as coughing and dyspnoea are commonly referable to primary problems of the respiratory …

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