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Antimicrobial prescribing patterns for small animals at veterinary practices in the UK

D. A. Singleton, F. Sánchez-Vizcaíno, S. Dawson, P. H. Jones, P. J. M. Noble, G. L. Pinchbeck and others

Antimicrobial agents are frequently prescribed in dogs and cats, and there is evidence of development of resistance in response to treatment, and transmission of antimicrobial resistant isolates between people and pets. This study investigated antimicrobial agent prescription (AAP) patterns over a two year period using electronic health records (EHRs) collected from veterinary premises in the UK.

A total of 918,333 canine EHRs (from 413,870 dogs) and 352,730 feline EHRs (from 200,541 cats) were obtained from 216 veterinary practices (457 premises) between April 2014 and March 2016, by the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network (SAVSNet), and the data analysed.

AAP frequency decreased from 2014 to 2016 in this population of dogs and cats. AAP as a proportion of total booked consultations was more frequent in dogs (18.8 per cent, 95 per cent confidence interval [CI] 18.2 to 19.4) than cats (17.5 per cent, 95 per cent CI 16.9 to 18.1). Prescription of topical antimicrobial agents was more frequent in dogs (7.4 per cent, 95 per …

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