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Imported diseases
Diagnosis of Hepatozoon canis
  1. Niki Skeldon1,
  2. Jim Klaassen1 and
  3. Mark Hinds2
  1. 1 Axiom Veterinary Laboratories, Brunel Road, Newton Abbot, Devon TQ12 4PB
  2. 2Severnside Veterinary Group, 1 Tuthill, Lydney, Gloucestershire GL15 5PA; e-mail:

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WE wish to share with our colleagues the details of a case of Hepatozoon canis in a two-year-old female spaniel imported from Cyprus two days before presentation at a UK veterinary practice. It had been neutered 10 days previously, and presented with dyspnoea, generalised pruritus and a mammary mass. Clinical examination revealed pyrexia (39.8°C), tachycardia (heart rate 120) and tachypnoea (respiratory rate 80), with increased respiratory effort. Mucus membranes were pale; capillary refill time was less than two seconds. The coat condition was poor, with focal areas of lichenification and crusting. A blood sample was submitted to Axiom Veterinary Laboratories.

A full blood count revealed a moderate, mildly regenerative anaemia (packed cell volume: 24 per cent [reference interval (RI): 37 to 55]); haemoglobin: 7.4 g/dl [RI: 12 to 18]; red blood cells 3.5 } 1012 …

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