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Canine tickborne diseases in pet dogs in Romania

M. O. Andersson, C. Tolf, P. Tamba, M. Stefanache, J. Waldenström,

G. Dobler, L. Chitimia-Dobler

GLOBALLY, the increasing spread of arthropod vectors and associated canine vectorborne diseases can be explained by several factors, including ecological and climatic factors and the increased mobility of human and animal populations.

Twenty-five ixodid tick species are present in Romania; however, there is limited information about the prevalence of canine tickborne infections in dogs. This study aimed to determine the most common types of tickborne infections among pet dogs in southern Romania.

Blood samples from 96 dogs (with clinical signs associated with tickborne infection) were included in the study. The blood samples were screened for eight different pathogens using molecular methods: Babesia species, Theileria species, Hepatozoon species, Anaplasma species, Ehrlichia species, ‘Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis’, Mycoplasma species and Borrelia species.

Forty-five per cent (43/96) of the dogs were infected with protozoan parasites. Babesia canis was the most frequently reported pathogen of these (28 infected dogs): sequencing showed that 25 of the 28 pathogen sequences were identical to a B canis sequence found in dogs in Poland and Estonia. Hepatozoon canis was detected in 15 per cent of dogs (14/96) …

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