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Absence of circulation of Pestivirus between wild and domestic ruminants in southern Spain
  1. J. Paniagua, DVM1,
  2. I. García-Bocanegra, DVM, PhD, ECZM-WPH1,
  3. A. Arenas-Montes, DVM, PhD1,
  4. E. Berriatua, DVM, PhD2,
  5. J. Espunyes, DVM2,
  6. A. Carbonero, DVM1,
  7. R. Rosell, BSc3,4,
  8. I. Marco, DVM, PhD5 and
  9. O. Cabezón, DVM, PhD, ECZM-WPH5
  1. 1Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Córdoba (UCO), Campus Universitario de Rabanales, Córdoba 14071, Spain
  2. 2Animal Health Department, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
  3. 3Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries (IRTA), Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193, Spain
  4. 4Departament d'Agricultura, Alimentació i Acció Rural, Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona 08007, Spain
  5. 5Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge, Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193, Spain
  1. E-mail for correspondence: ocabezon{at}


Ruminant pestiviruses (family Flaviviridae) affect both wild and domestic ruminants worldwide, causing reproductive disorders and severe economic losses. Wild (n=1442) and domestic (n=373) ruminants from southern Spain were tested for the presence of antibodies to pestiviruses. Seropositivity was detected by both ELISA and virus neutralisation test in 1/892 (0.1 per cent) red deer, 29/125 (23.2 per cent) cattle and 17/157 (10.8 per cent) sheep. Pestivirus-specific antibodies to bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and border disease virus (BDV) genotypes 1, 4 and 5 were detected. Significantly higher antibody titres to BDV-4 compared with BVDV-NADL were found in one cattle farm. Results indicate that wild ruminants may act as spillover hosts from domestic ruminants, and therefore they do not represent a risk for domestic ruminants in southern Spain. The wide distribution of pestiviruses among sheep and cattle suggests that transmission between these species may occur.

  • Pestiviruses
  • Wildlife
  • domestic ruminants
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