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Building capacity to reduce biological threats in the Middle East
  1. P. Holloway, BVMS, MSc MRCVS1,
  2. I. Musallam, BVMS, MSc1,
  3. M. Whiting, BSc, BVetMed, MA, MRCVS1,
  4. L. Good, BSc, PhD1,
  5. S. Van Winden, DVM, MSc, MBA, PhD, FHEA, MRCVS, DiplECBHM1,
  6. A. Silva-Fletcher, BVSc, MSc, PhD, MA (Med Ed), FHEA1,
  7. M. Ababneh, BVMS, MSc, PhD, DipACT2,
  8. E. Abu-Basha, BVMS, MSc, PhD2 and
  9. J. Guitian, BSc, DVM, PhD, DipECVPH1
  1. 1Royal Veterinary College, Royal College Street, London, NW1 0TU, UK
  2. 2Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan, e-mail:

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THE 2012 World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) vision statement describes ‘A world that is safe and secure from the accidental or deliberate release of animal pathogens, including zoonoses.’ Infectious disease agents and toxins found in animal populations and products are a considerable on-going threat to global animal health, agricultural economies, food security (crops and livestock) and public health. To address this threat the OIE has developed a strategy of capacity building and solidarity that seeks to ensure all OIE member countries have the capacity, expertise, resources and governance to comply with international standards, guidelines and recommendations for the reduction of risk from animal pathogens through malicious use or accidental release.

This strategy is being achieved through a number of initiatives including ‘the development of twinning between veterinary education establishments in order to promote relevant concepts on bio-threat awareness and reduction, and to create a culture of responsible and ethical science among students’ (OIE 2012). It was within this context that a twinning initiative between the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) and Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) began in January 2015, with funding for an initial three year period to achieve biological threat reduction …

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