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Hepatic lipodystrophy of Galloway calves
  1. Ben Strugnell1,
  2. Mark Wessels2,
  3. Nick Woodger2,
  4. Lee-Ane Oliver3,
  5. Eleanor Raffan4,
  6. Liz Genever5,
  7. George Caldow6 and
  8. Alwyn Jones6
  1. 1Farm Post Mortems Ltd, Hamsterley House, Hamsterley, Bishop Auckland, County Durham DL13 3QF, e-mail:
  2. 2Finn Pathologists, One Eyed Lane, Weybread, Diss, Norfolk IP21 5TT
  3. 3Scott Mitchell and Associates, Tyne Green, Hexham, Northumberland NE46 3SG
  4. 4Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Addenbrooke's Hospital B289, Cambridge CB2 0QQ
  5. 5AHDB Beef and Lamb (formerly EBLEX), Stoneleigh Park, Kenilworth, Warwickshire CV8 2TL
  6. 6SRUC St Boswells, Greycrook, St Boswells, Roxburghshire TD6 0EU

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HEPATIC lipodystrophy of Galloway calves is a rarely reported disease in the UK (Duff and others 1997, Macleod and Allison 1999), having first been diagnosed in 1965 in south-west Scotland (Stewart and others 1982). The condition has also been reported in North America since 2000 (Hazlett and Rumney 2000, Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory 2007). The aetiology and pathogenesis of the disease has not been established; it is thought to have a genetic origin, although this has not been proven.

Over the past 12 months, as part of an EBLEX-sponsored postmortem examination project at a fallen stock collection centre in County Durham, we have identified three calves fitting the case description for this condition. In summer 2014, we identified two, two-month-old male blue-grey calves from farm A, which had a 50-cow Galloway herd. The sire of both calves was an 11-year-old unregistered whitebred shorthorn bull, which had sired 200 calves in its lifetime. The first calf was recumbent with tenesmus, halitosis …

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