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HAEMORRHAGIC septicaemia (HS), also termed acute pasteurellosis, is an infectious disease characterised by high morbidity and mortality, predominantly affecting juvenile ungulates (cattle, pigs) in Africa, Asia, Middle East and southern Europe. The clinical presentation is characterised by a peracute or acute period of illness consisting of fever, subcutaneous oedema, and fibrinous pleuropneumonia or haemorrhagic enteritis. The causative agent is Pasteurella multocida, a Gram-negative, coccoid rod, non-sporulating, immobile, facultatively anaerobic, facultatively pathogenic bacterium. Five capsule types (A, B, D, E, F) and 16 serotypes exist, but only types B (Asia) and E (Africa) have been associated with this disease. A …
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