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Bovine TB
Effect of liver fluke on the bovine TB skin test
  1. Alison Howell and
  2. Diana Williams
  1. Veterinary Parasitology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool Science Park IC2, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF
  1. e-mail: alison.howell{at}

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LIVER fluke affects over 70 per cent of UK dairy farms (McCann and others 2010). It is known that parasite infection can modulate the host immune reaction, enabling parasite survival but reducing immunity to concurrent infections (Kamal and El Sayed Khalifa 2006). Bovine TB is a big problem in the UK and control is based on accurately diagnosing infected cattle and culling them to remove the source …

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