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Antimicrobial resistance
Identifying risk factors for antimicrobial resistance
  1. Nimal Pathiraja
  1. 40 Eton Rise, Eton College Road, London NW3 2DF
  1. e-mail: nimalpathiraja{at}

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FOLLOWING the paper by Jones and others (2013) on the risk factors for antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli in turkey flocks in Great Britain and the related editorial by Patrick Butaye (2013), I wish to highlight the importance of the risk factors in developing guidelines, advice and policy to alleviate the development and transfer of antimicrobial resistant (AR) E coli and other intestinal commensals of animal origin to people via food and/or by other means.

In order to conduct a risk assessment for foodborne AR bacteria, Codex and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) have identified two hazards: AR pathogenic bacteria themselves and …

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