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J. A. Lines, K. van Driel and J. J. Cooper comment
  1. J. A. Lines1,
  2. K. van Driel2 and
  3. J. J. Cooper3
  1. 1Silsoe Livestock Systems, Wrest Park, Silsoe, Bedford MK45 4HS
  2. 2formerly at Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ
  3. 3Animal Behaviour Cognition and Welfare Group, School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Lincoln LN2 2LG
  1. e-mail: jeff.lines{at}

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We were pleased to receive this communication from the ECMA, welcome the fact that the ECMA technical requirements have been expanded and look forward to reading the results of the independent studies it has funded when they are published in peer-reviewed journals. We hope that in the light of …

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