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Emerging Diseases
Serological confirmation of SBV infection in wild British deer
  1. Alex Barlow1,
  2. Peter Green2,
  3. Trevor Banham3 and
  4. Norman Healy4
  1. 1Wildlife Network for Disease Surveillance, Rookham Cottage, Wells, Somerset BA5 3AW
  2. 2British Deer Society, The Walled Garden, Burgate Manor, Manor, Fordingbridge, Hampshire SP6 1EF
  3. 3Forest Enterprise England, Santon Downham, Brandon, Suffolk IP27 0TJ
  4. 4Forest Enterprise England, 620 Bristol Business Park, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1EJ
  1. e-mail: alexmbarlow{at}

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A NEW disease in cattle, causing clinical signs including fever, reduced milk yield, inappetence and loss of body condition, was reported in the Netherlands and Germany in August 2011. From November 2011 onwards, there were reports of abortions and stillbirths associated with congenital abnormalities affecting mainly sheep but also cattle and goats. A novel virus, named Schmallenberg virus (SBV), was identified as the cause of both clinical presentations. SBV is an arthropod-borne orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup.

On January 23, 2012, the presence of SBV infection was confirmed in Britain for the first time on four sheep farms in Norfolk, Suffolk and East Sussex (AHVLA 2012). Confirmation was by RT-PCR on tissues from animals with clinical signs …

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