Article Text

Clinical syndromes associated with the circulation of multiple serotypes of bluetongue virus in dairy cattle in Israel
  1. J. Brenner, DVM1,
  2. C. Batten, PhD2,
  3. H. Yadin, DVM1,
  4. V. Bumbarov, DVM1,
  5. O. Friedgut, DVM1,
  6. D. Rotenberg, DV1,
  7. N. Golender, DVM1 and
  8. C. A. L. Oura, BVetMed, PhD, MRCVS2
  1. Kimron Veterinary Institute, PO Box 12, Beit Dagan 50250, Israel
  2. Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Ash Road, Pirbright, Woking GU24 0NF, UK
  1. E-mail for correspondence yakovb{at}

From 2008 to 2011, seven distinct bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes (BTV-2, BTV-4, BTV-5, BTV-8, BTV-15, BTV-16 and BTV-24) have been identified to be circulating in diseased sheep and cattle in Israel. This paper describes the array of clinical manifestations caused by BTV in cattle in Israel. Each set of clinical manifestations has been categorised as a syndrome and six distinct clinical syndromes have been observed in dairy cattle: ‘footrot-like syndrome’, ‘sore nose syndrome’, ‘subcutaneous emphysema syndrome’, ‘red/rough udder syndrome’, ‘bluetongue/epizootic haemorrhagic disease systemic syndrome’ and ‘maladjustment syndrome’.

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  • Provenance not commissioned; externally peer reviewed

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