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Notifiable Diseases
Foot-and-mouth disease in Bulgaria
  1. Begoña Valdazo-González1,
  2. Nick J. Knowles1,
  3. Jemma Wadsworth1,
  4. Donald P. King1,
  5. Jef M. Hammond1,
  6. Fuat Özyörük2,
  7. Müge Fırat-Saraç2,
  8. Ünal Parlak2,
  9. Lilyana Polyhronova3 and
  10. Georgi Kirilov Georgiev3
  1. EU Community Reference Laboratory for FMD, IAH, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF
  2. Foot-and-Mouth Disease Institute, PO Box 714, 06044, Ulus, Ankara, Turkey
  3. National Diagnostic and Research Veterinary Medical Institute, 1606 Sofia, Bulgaria
  1. e-mail: donald.king{at}

Statistics from

FURTHER to the letter from Nigel Gibbens, the UK Chief Veterinary Officer (VR, February 5, 2011, vol 168, pp 136–137), we would like to provide additional information about the recent appearance of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in south-eastern Bulgaria.

Since the end of December 2010, three outbreaks of FMD have been reported in Burgas region, close to the border with Turkish Thrace, which is a FMD-free zone (with vaccination). Samples collected from the first recognised case, in wild boar shot near to Kosti village, Tsarevo Municipality, were tested locally at the National Reference Laboratory for FMD, Sofia, and …

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