Article Text

Short Communication
African Trypanosoma infection in a dog in France
  1. K. Museux, DVM1,
  2. L. Boulouha, DVM, DipECVCP, DESV1,
  3. S. Majani, DVM1 and
  4. H. Journaux, DVM2
  1. Laboratoire IDEXX, 17 Jean Baptiste Preux, 94140 Alfortville, Paris, France
  2. Clinique Vétérinaire, 101 rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, France
  1. E-mail for correspondence kristina-museux{at}

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AFRICAN animal trypanosomosis, also known as ‘nagana’ in tropical Africa, is caused by haemoflagellated protozoa, primarily Trypanosoma congolense, Trypanosoma brucei subspecies brucei and Trypanosoma vivax. Trypanosomosis is a serious economic constraint to livestock and agriculture development in sub-Saharan Africa, causing livestock deaths and reduced productivity (Kristjanson 1999, Ilemobade 2009). Dogs are particularly susceptible to T congolense, which is transmitted cyclically by Glossina species (tsetse fly) (Greene 2006). T congolense can be classified into three types: savannah, forest and kilifi (Young and Godfrey 1983, Knowles and others 1988). T congolense savannah type was shown to be the most virulent type in cattle by Bengaly and others (2002).

Dogs pose a minimal risk for human infection; however, they seem to be important as a sentinel for infection (Greene 2006). Until now, there has been only one description of a chronically infected dog in Europe, 3.5 years after importation from Africa (Gow and others 2007). This short communication describes a …

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