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Traumatic perforation of the trachea in two horses caused by orotracheal intubation
  1. M. N. Saulez, BVSc, MS, DACVIM, PhD, MRCVS1,
  2. B. Dzikiti, BVSc, MS2 and
  3. A. Voigt, BVSc1
  1. 1 Section of Equine Medicine
  2. 2 Section of Anaesthesiology, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
  1. montague.saulez{at}


Two of 348 horses that underwent gastrointestinal surgery under general anaesthesia developed perforations in their tracheas caused by the endotracheal tube. In one case the damage was probably caused when the horse was being moved from the induction room for surgery and excessive traction was exerted on the tube when the anaesthetic machine was moved too far ahead of the horse. The trachea of the other horse may have been damaged when it was intubated.

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