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Clinical application of an external fixator in the repair of bone fractures in 28 birds
  1. J-M. Hatt, DrMedVet, DipECAMS1,
  2. C. Christen, DrMedVet1 and
  3. P. Sandmeier, DrMedVet, DipECAMS2
  1. 1 Division of Zoo Animals and Exotic Pets, Department of Small Animals, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
  2. 2 Small Animal and Avian Clinic, Täfernstrasse 11b, 5405 Baden-Dättwil, Switzerland


The repair of seven tibiotarsal fractures, three humeral fractures, three tarsometatarsal fractures, two femoral fractures and 13 radial and ulnar fractures with a tubular external fixator system was evaluated prospectively in 10 common pigeons (Columba livia), 11 psittacine birds, six birds of prey and one Bali starling (Leucopsar rothschildii). The fixations included type 1, type 2 and intramedullary tie-in methods, and the fractures healed in all but three cases. A comparison of the weight of different connecting bars showed that the external fixation system and polymethylmethacrylate are the lightest available systems and that there was no clinically relevant difference between them.

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