Article Text

Hypospadias in rams
  1. K. C. Smith, BVSc, MSc, PhD, DSHP, FRCVS1,
  2. P. Brown, BVMS, PhD, MRCVS, MRCPath, DipECVPath1 and
  3. T. J. Parkinson, BVSc, DBR, DipECAR, MEd, PhD, FRCVS2
  1. 1School of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol BS40 7DU
  2. 2Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  1. Correspondence to Dr Parkinson


In an abattoir survey conducted in south-west England, 15 of 6521 rams aged three to 12 months had hypospadias; in 27 others the scrotum was completely or partly divided, but they had no other abnormalities of the urinary or genital systems. The lesions observed in 11 of the rams in the abattoir survey, and in four young rams and one mature ram found during visits to farms, are described in detail. Five of them had periscrotal openings of the urethra and in the other 11 the openings were in a perineal position, close to the anus. In all of them the penis was underdeveloped, the prepuce had failed to fuse and the galea faced in a caudal direction. They all had completely or partially divided scrotums, and signs of urine scalding of the scrotum were visible.

Statistics from


  • Dr Brown’s present address is School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire LE12 5RD

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.