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International disease monitoring, October to December 2005
  1. M. Sabirovic1,
  2. L. Raw1,
  3. S. Hall1,
  4. F. Lock1 and
  5. N. Coulson1
  1. 1International Animal Health Division, DEFRA, 1A Page Street, London SW1P 4PQ


  • Bluetongue in Spain

  • Classical swine fever in Germany and South Africa

  • Foot-and-mouth disease in Russia, Turkey, Israel, Brazil and Botswana

  • Newcastle disease in Denmark, France, Greece, Japan, Romania, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden and Turkey

  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza in China, Croatia, Romania, Russia, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine and Vietnam

  • Low pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 in Japan, Canada and Zimbabwe

  • Peste des petits ruminants in Turkey

  • Rinderpest-free situation in the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan

  • Swine vesicular disease in Italy

  • Vesicular stomatitis in the USA

– These are among matters discussed in the international disease monitoring report for October to December 2005, prepared by DEFRA’s International Animal Health Division

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  • This article summarises official information on outbreaks of specified animal diseases and other diseases that may be of interest.

    The specified diseases are those high-impact diseases formerly included in the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE, Paris, France) List A diseases. The OIE stopped using this list in January 2005. Nevertheless, DEFRA’s International Animal Health Division (IAHD) continues to report on these specified diseases in countries that trade with the UK and EU member states. This is conducted in the context of assessing their significance to international trade and the potential impact on the UK’s animal health status, and raising awareness in the UK of these outbreaks. The IAHD also notes new epidemiological developments, which may give an early warning of emerging threats to the UK.

    Where a new disease outbreak could pose a threat, the IAHD carries out a qualitative analysis of the risks to UK livestock. These analyses, aimed to assist decision making, are publicly available on DEFRA’s website (

    The EU and the UK take appropriate safeguard measures to mitigate the potential risks of disease being introduced through legal trade. DEFRA notes that it is also important to recognise the continuing threat to the UK through illegal imports from countries with endemic disease and other routes, for example, highly pathogenic avian influenza or Newcastle disease from migrating birds.

    Maps in this report were prepared from official reports received during the period; they do not necessarily reflect the true situation in every country and should not be regarded as definitive. The maps were produced using ESRI Data and Maps CD (2002)

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