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Jugular venous emboli of brain tissue induced in sheep by the use of captive bolt guns
  1. M. H. Anil, DVM, PhD1,
  2. C. R. Helps, BSc, PhD1,
  3. J. L. McKinstry, HNC,MSc1,
  4. S. N. Brown, HNC1,
  5. A. Philips1,
  6. D. Harbour, BSc, PhD1,
  7. S. Love, MBBCH, PhD,PRCP, FRCPath2,
  8. S. Williams, HNC2,
  9. A. Shand, BSc2 and
  10. T. Bakirel, DVM3
  1. 1 Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, Bristol BS40 5DU
  2. 2 Department of Neuropathology, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol BS 16 1 LE
  3. 3 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey


Emboli of central nervous tissue were detected in the jugular venous blood of two of 15 sheep stunned with a conventional cartridge-operated captive bolt gun and in two of 15 sheep stunned with a pneumatically activated gun. No emboli were detected in arterial blood from these sheep or in venous blood from sheep stunned electrically. Emboli from an animal with BSE could transmit the disease to people.

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