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Diagnosis of Lyme disease in two cows by the detection of Borrelia burgdorferi DNA
  1. C. J. Lischer, DrMedvet, DipECVS1,
  2. C. M. Leutenegger, DrMedVet2,
  3. U. Braun, DrMedVet2 and
  4. H. Lutz, DrMedVet2
  1. 1 Clinic of Veterinary Surgery
  2. 2 Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland


Two cows from different herds in a district of Switzerland known to harbour ixodid ticks had erythematous lesions on the hairless skin of the udder, were in poor general condition with a poor appetite and decreased milk production, and had a stiff gait and swollen joints. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu strictu DNA was detected in samples of synovial fluid and milk from one of the cows and Borrelia afzelii DNA was detected in synovial fluid from the other by means of a real-time PCR.

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