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Cattle plague in Shangri-La: observations on a severe outbreak of rinderpest in northern Pakistan 1994–1995
  1. P. B. Rossiter, BVetMed, MSc, PhD, MRCVS1,
  2. M. Hussain, BVMS, MSc, PhD2,
  3. R. H. Raja, BVMS, MSc3,
  4. W. Moghul, BVMS4,
  5. Z. Khan, BVMS5 and
  6. D. Broadbent, BVMS6
  1. 1 Pan African Rinderpest Campaign, PO Box 30786, Nairobi, Kenya
  2. 2 Animal Health Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad 45500, Pakistan
  3. 3 Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Islamabad, Pakistan
  4. 4 Government of Sindh Province, Department of Animal Husbandry, Karachi, Pakistan
  5. 5 Department of Animal Husbandry, Northern Areas Administration, Gilgit, Pakistan
  6. 6 9 Candlenut Court, Yandina, Queensland 4561, Australia


Between April 1994 and November 1995 the most severe epidemic of rinderpest reported in the world for over a decade affected domestic livestock in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. As many as 40,000 cattle and yaks died, more by some estimates, and mortality rates may have exceeded 80 per cent in these species in several villages. This report describes some of the clinicopathological and epidemiological features peculiar to the outbreak, including laboratory-confirmed rinderpest in a goat, and the difficulties encountered before the disease was eradicated. It also describes the human costs and emphasises the need to accelerate the global eradication of this most eradicable disease.

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