The clinical features and the titres to Ehrlichia equi, E canis, E risticii, Rickettsia rickettsii and Borrelia afzelii in 14 Swedish dogs, in which ehrlichiosis was diagnosed on the basis of the presence of inclusions in granulocytes, are reported. Most of the dogs were moderately ill but made a rapid recovery after treatment with doxycycline. The dogs with inclusions were thrombocytopenic. Analysis of the antibody titres indicates that serology to E equi will remain the most appropriate serological test for granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Swedish dogs, until a specific test is developed for detecting the recently identified subspecies of Ehrlichia.
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