Article Text

Detection of antibodies against African swine fever virus using infected monolayers and monoclonal antibodies
  1. G Wensvoort,
  2. C Terpstra and
  3. M Bloemraad
  1. Virology Department, Central Veterinary Institute, Lelystad, The Netherlands.


Three monoclonal antibodies, specific for porcine IgG, IgM and IgA, were used to develop isotype-specific immunoperoxidase monolayer assays for the detection of antibodies against African swine fever virus. A mixture of anti-IgM and anti-IgG monoclonal antibodies was used in an assay designed for screening sera. This test was compared with a commercially available ELISA by using experimental sera and field sera obtained after an outbreak of African swine fever on two farms in the Netherlands in 1986. Although the ELISA was less sensitive than the immunoperoxidase monolayer assay on sera taken early after infection, the tests were equally useful for screening purposes. The isotype-specific assays gave epizootiological information about the stage of infection on the two farms.

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