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Effect of xylazine and ketamine on intraocular pressure in horses
  1. CM Trim,
  2. GT Colbern and
  3. CL Martin


Intraocular pressure was measured with a MacKay-Marg tonometer in eight horses following auriculopalpebral nerve block and topical application of lignocaine. Measurements were recorded before and after xylazine, 1.1 mg/kg intravenously, every two minutes for 16 minutes after administration of ketamine, 2.2 mg/kg intravenously, and after recovery from anaesthesia. Before xylazine, intraocular pressure was 17.1 +/- 3.9 and 18.4 +/- 2.2 mm Hg in the left and right eyes, respectively. Intraocular pressure tended to decrease after administration of xylazine and ketamine, with a significant decrease in one eye six minutes after injection of ketamine.

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