TABLE 5:

The antibiotics mentioned and frequency with which they were mentioned for the top five indications where antibiotics are said to be prescribed for horses

Therapeutic areaPercentage mentioned*Ratio critically important antibiotics (CIAs) v other antibiotics used for treatmentFrequency of citation of the different classes of antibiotics (top 5)
Skin diseases
Including wounds and abscesses
31% (25%)CIAs: 4%
Non-CIAs: 96%
Penicillins 46%,
Potentiated sulphonamides 25%,
Aminoglycosides 18%,
Tetracyclines 5%, 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins 3%
Respiratory disease including sinusitis, Streptococcus equi and Rhodococcus equi27%CIAs: 18%
Non-CIAs: 82%
Penicillins 30%,
Potentiated sulphonamides 29%,
3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins 13%,
Aminoglycosides 10%,
Tetracyclines 7%,
Locomotion disorders
 Including arthritis
 lymphangitis
10%
(5%)
(4%)
CIAs: 9%
Non-CIAs: 91%
Penicillins 42%,
Aminoglycosides 31%,
Potentiated sulphonamides 10%,
Tetracyclines 10%,
3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins 7%
Perioperative9%CIAs: 6%
Non-CIAs: 94%
Aminoglycosides 42%,
Penicillins 39%,
Potentiated sulphonamides 11%,
3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins 4%,
(Fluoro)quinolones 2%
Infections (fever of undefined origin and others, including sepsis and infection)8%CIAs: 17%
Non-CIAs: 83%
Penicillins 28%,
Aminoglycosides 23%,
Tetracyclines 16%,
Potentiated sulphonamides 13%,
3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins 13%
Others15%CIAs: 22%
Non-CIAs: 78%
Penicillins 25%,
Aminoglycosides 19%,
3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins 15%,
(Fluoro)quinolones 7%,
Chloramphenicol 6%,
Metronidazole 6%,
Fusidic acid 4%
  • *Percentages in brackets are part of the percentage mentioned of each therapeutic area.